Indonesia is a maritime country and this has become an interesting fact to accept.
Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world. Stretching from Sabang to Merauke, Indonesia has 17,499 islands with a total area of around 7.81 million km2.
Of the total area, 3.25 million km2 is the ocean and 2.55 million km2 is the Exclusive Economic Zone. Only about 2.01 million km2 is land.
With the vast marine area, Indonesia has enormous marine and fishery potential. Fishery is one of the attractive sectors to be developed and can help the country in national development.
As an illustration, in 2019 the export value of Indonesian fishery products reached Rp. 73,681,883,000 where this value increased by 10.1% from exports in 2018. Marine products such as shrimp, tuna, squid, octopus, crabs and seaweed are commodities the underdog.
From this, it is known that the potential of the fisheries sector can have a positive impact on economic growth, including;
To meet the food and nutritional needs of the community.Fish is a source of animal protein that is suitable for the development of the human body. It also contains omega 3 which is good for the development of the human brain. So its existence is very important to meet these nutritional needs. For the sake of the next generation who are healthy and smart.
Provide income for the community, especially those who live in areas near the waters.People in coastal areas or waters mostly depend on fishing products (fishermen). They catch fish and sell it to meet their daily needs.
Improve the people’s economy. The income that people get from selling fish is to meet economic needs. If the sale yields big returns, there will be a surge in demand fulfillment. From fulfilling primary needs, becoming secondary and even tertiary needs. This is due to the increasing degree of the economy.
Helps national economic growth. Good people’s economic growth (at point 3) automatically affects good national economic growth as well.
Helping the fulfillment of world food as a supplier (export) of fisheries. Like the people of Indonesia, the world’s population also needs fish to fulfill their food and nutrition. If there is not enough supply in their country, of course they will import it.
This is a good opportunity for Indonesia to supply (export) fish to countries that need it. Increase the country’s foreign exchange. From the results of fishery exports in point 5 (five) it will automatically provide (increase) ) foreign exchange for the country.